Characteristics of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 

Do you know what the characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome are? Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can have very serious effects. Children who are born to mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy can exhibit the characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).

Fetal alcohol syndrome can cause physical deformities in the child, mental and learning deficiencies and disorders, vision problems and a rage of behavioral problems.

Most people understand that alcohol and pregnancy do not go well together, but there are still a lot of people believe that just drinking a little bit of alcohol during pregnancy is not dangerous. It’s important to know that consuming any amount of alcohol can cause irreversible problems for the child. Unfortunately, there is no cure or treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome. The earlier a child is diagnosed, the better the prognosis, but there is still no way to get rid of the characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome once a child is already affected.

In order to receive a proper diagnosis, it’s important to be familiar with some of the signs and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome. Some of the main ones are:

  • Less than normal birth weight
  • Abnormalities/decrease in circumference of the head
  • Certain behavioral problems, such as poor impulse control, anxiety, having a hard time concentrating, and hyperactivity
  • Having a hard time making and keeping friends
  • Physical abnormalities, such as flattening in the cheek bones,    smaller than normal eye openings, thinning of the upper lip, and flattening of the space between the nose and the upper lip
  • Poor fine motor skills and problems with coordination

How can you know if your child is going to be born with any of these signs or symptoms? There is no way to know exactly how much alcohol it takes to cause fetal alcohol syndrome – it will be different for every individual. Generally speaking, these problems are the result of chronic alcohol abuse. However, many more children that don’t fit the exact diagnosis of FAS do still exhibit a lot of the signs and symptoms. They may not be considered to have full blown FAS, but the problems they exhibit can be just as harmful and disruptive to their lives. The only way to know for sure that your child won’t be born with any of the characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome is to completely avoid alcohol during pregnancy.

One of the problems is that a lot of women continue to drink because they don’t yet know that they are pregnant. The most damage is done to the fetus when women drink during these beginning months of pregnancy. If you think you might be pregnant or you are trying to get pregnant, don’t drink until you’re absolutely certain that you aren’t. No matter how far into the pregnancy it is, alcohol consumption can have terrible effect on the child. The only safe amount of alcohol to drink while you are pregnant is no alcohol.


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